You need to know your testicles are
"Balls" that hang inside a skin sack underneath a
The skin bag that holds the testicles
Abnormal growth of cells usually forming a lump
Become familiar with the look, feel and shape of your
testicles - this will help you notice anything wrong.
The characteristics of healthy testicles include:
- Each testicle feels like a smooth, firm egg.
- One testicle tends to hang lower than the other.
- One testicle may be slightly larger than the other.
- There is no pain or discomfort when the testicles and
scrotum are handled gently.
- The testicles and scrotum will be pulled up close to
your body when they are cold. They will be hanging down
loose when hot. This is handled automatically to keep the
testicles at the right temperature.
How to check your testicles
Once a month, check each testicle by gently rolling it
between your thumb and one or two fingers. Perform this
check after a warm shower or bath when the scrotum skin
is soft and the testicles are down further from the body.
You need to get to know what your testicles feel like and
what is normal for you!
Use this Orchidometer chart to check
that your testicles are growing like they should - the
chart is only a rough guide. Open and preferably print
the chart. With a
ruler, make sure the '1 inch' measurement on the screen
or print is actually 1 inch (2.54 cm) long in real life
to ensure that the sizes shown are correct.
In a warm environment, pull the scrotum skin lightly so
you can better see your testicle size from the side.
Compare your testicle size with the chart. If your
testicle size does not roughly correspond to your stage
of puberty, you had better see a doctor!
The cancer problem
- The lifetime risk of a male developing testicular
(testicle) cancer is 1 in 316!
- Testicular cancer is the most common cancer
experienced by men aged 15-35 years.
- Men outside this age group can still develop this
cancer, the only difference is that it is not the most
common cancer for that age range.
- The cause of testicular cancer is unknown.
- The rate of this cancer is rising.
What to look for
Lumps (usually on the front or side of the testicle),
swelling, discomfort, change in size and shape (other
than normal teenage growth of the testicles), a sensation
of heaviness in the testicles.
If you have a problem, it is important to realize that
you may have only some of the symptoms listed here and
not all of them.
Only another guy understands what it feels like to have
the testicles hit by something - even lightly. The pain
and discomfort is beyond words and goes right up through
the whole body. If the pain does not go away after a
reasonable period of time or new lumps or swelling
appears, better to get a doctor to check it out.
What to do if you think there might be a problem
Immediately swallow your pride and get medical
advice. A doctor will examine your testicles and advise
you if there is a problem. If testicular cancer is
detected early in its development, then the cure rate is
almost 100%! If there is a problem, the longer you leave
it to go to the doctor, the less chance of total
The fears you need to overcome to go to the doctor are:
the fear of the unknown; the fear of having to expose
your private parts; the fear of having an erection when
the doctor is examining you; fear of the consequences if
cancer is diagnosed; fear of death; fear of what others
More details on
how to examine your testicles.
This link has an in-depth medical discussion on
This link has an in-depth
medical description of the testicles and how they